Michael J. Allen

Class of 2018 - 2019

Home | Teacher Plans | News | Calendar | Information | Homework | Projects | Contact | Archive

Physical Science

PS1. Matter and Its Interactions

5-PS1-1. Use a particle model of matter to explain common phenomena involving gases, and phase changes between gas and liquid and between liquid and solid.

Clarification Statement: • Examples of common phenomena the model should be able to describe include adding air to expand a balloon, compressing air in a syringe, and evaporating water from a salt water solution.

 State Assessment Boundary: • Atomic-scale mechanisms of evaporation and condensation or defining unseen particles are not expected in state assessment.


5-PS1-2. Measure and graph the weights (masses) of substances before and after a reaction or phase change to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or combining substances, the total weight (mass) of matter is conserved.

Clarification Statement: • Assume that reactions with any gas production are conducted in a closed system.

State Assessment Boundary: • Distinguishing mass and weight is not expected in state assessment.


5-PS1-3. Make observations and measurements of substances to describe characteristic properties of each, including color, hardness, reflectivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, response to magnetic forces, and solubility.

Clarification Statements: • Emphasis is on describing how each substance has a unique set of properties. • Examples of substances could include baking soda and other powders, metals, minerals, and liquids.

State Assessment Boundary: • Density, distinguishing mass and weight, or specific tests or procedures are not expected in state assessment.


5-PS1-4. Conduct an experiment to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances with new properties (a chemical reaction) or not (a mixture).


Properties of matter

What is matter - volume, mass, density
States of matter - solid/liquid/gas
Molecules and compounds
Physical changes and chemical changes to matter


The Particle Adventure

The fundamentals of matter and force!



PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

5-PS2-1. Support an argument with evidence that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed toward Earth’s center.

State Assessment Boundary: • Mathematical representations of gravitational force are not expected in state assessment.




PS3. Energy

5-PS3-1. Use a model to describe that the food animals digest (a) contains energy that was once energy from the Sun, and (b) provides energy and nutrients for life processes, including body repair, growth, motion, body warmth, and reproduction.

Clarification Statement: • Examples of models could include diagrams and flow charts.

State Assessment Boundary: • Details of cellular respiration, ATP, or molecular details of the process of photosynthesis or respiration are not expected in state assessment.



Here is a resource to find out more about Energy.


What is an ecosystem
Three types of consumer - Herbivore, carnivore, omnivore
Predator/prey - lynx and the hare
Symbiosis - parasitism, commensalism, mutualism
Food chains - webs



ETS3. Technological Systems

5.3-5-ETS3-1(MA). Use informational text to provide examples of improvements to existing technologies (innovations) and the development of new technologies (inventions). Recognize that technology is any modification of the natural or designed world done to fulfill human needs or wants.

5.3-5-ETS3-2(MA). Use sketches or drawings to show how each part of a product or device relates to other parts in the product or device.*


Simple Machines

Types of machines
1st/ 2nd/ 3rd class levers
Compound machines
Work = force x distance - why simple machines work

Rube Goldberg

Make a Rube Goldberg by following this link...


The Puff Machine

Take on the challenge to build the Puff Machine from the PBS series, Supersonic Spies...

Building Big

A site about the making of bridges, skyscrapers, domes and other fascinating buildings from PBS...